Page banner image
Home > Services > Climate

Climate Research and Aviation

At our research facility, we specialize in developing hardware and software systems for climate monitoring and meteorological observations from aircraft and ground stations.

This includes stationary, mobile, and airborne devices, allowing us to provide comprehensive solutions for a variety of applications.

Most of our aerospace research projects involve long-term logging with networked sensor arrays, data analysis, and occasional incident investigations. It is thus related to our Forensics Division.

SDR Software Defined Radio

Radio components such as modulators, demodulators and tuners were traditionally implemented in analogue hardware components. The advent of modern computing and analogue to digital converters allows most of these components to be implemented in software instead. Hence, the term software defined radio. This enables easy signal processing on low cost wide band scanner radios.

The SDR can be used as a real time air radar by monitoring ADS-B broadcasts at a frequency of 1090 MHz. However, note that for safety reasons the SDR should not be used for ADS-B navigation in a real aircraft, as it may not be precise or stable enough.

ACARS   Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System

ACARS is a digital datalink system for transmission of short messages between aircraft and ground stations via airband radio or satellite. The protocol was designed by ARINC and deployed in 1978, using the Telex format.

The ACARS term refers to the complete air and ground system, consisting of equipment on board, equipment on the ground, and a service provider. On-board ACARS equipment consists of end systems with a router, which routes messages through the air-ground subnetwork.

Aviation Weather

For a select group of clients we monitor weather at specific locations around the globe and store it in logs for later analysis. The combination of ACARS, ADS-B, METAR and TAF systems give very detailed reports in a compact text format. This can then be analysed with data mining tools.

Of particular interest to us are the weather reports which complement our own weather logs. In 2002, ACARS was added to the NOAA Observing System Architecture. Aircrafts can act as providers for weather data, sending meteorological observations like wind and temperature over the ACARS and/or ADS-B network. We monitor weather around the globe and store it in databases for later analysis.


METAR is a format for reporting weather information, predominantly used by pilots as a pre-flight weather briefing, and by meteorologists who use aggregated METAR information to assist in weather forecasting.

Raw METAR is the most common format in the world for the transmission of observational weather data. It is highly standardized through the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which allows it to be understood throughout most of the world.

A typical METAR contains data for the temperature, dew point, wind direction and speed, precipitation, cloud cover and heights, visibility, and barometric pressure. It  may also contain information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other information that would be of interest to pilots or meteorologists such as a pilot report or PIREP, colour states and runway visual range (RVR).

Our weather logs from several years are used for statistical analysis of weather trends around airports. This is supplemented with weather data from ACARS and ADS-B systems.

 Domains   Privacy   Services   域名